stories for kids, indian stories, panchatantra, jataka, vikram betaal
india kids, india parents
indian stories for kids
Indian Stories
  Home   View All Stories    Read Kids Articles   Classifieds    Feedback   

 Post Comments

Ramayana Introduction and TimeLine

The Ramayana (Sanskrit: march or journey (ayana) of Rama) is part of the Hindu smriti, written by Valmiki. This epic of 24,000 verses in seven kandas (chapters or books) tells of a Raghuvamsa prince, Rama of Ayodhya, whose wife Sita is abducted by the rakshasa, or demon, Ravana. The Ramayana had an important influence on later Sanskrit poetry, primarily through its establishment of the Sloka meter. But, like its epic cousin Mahabharata, the Ramayana is not just a good story. It contains the teachings of the ancient Hindu sages and presents them through allegory in narrative and the interspersion of philosophic and devotional . The characters of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, Bharata, Hanuman and Ravana (the archvillain of the story) are all fundamental to the grander cultural consciousness of India. Just like Christians historically believe in the birth of Jesus, people of the Indian religions believe in the birth of Rama (Ram).

The Ramayana is set in the Treta Yuga. Many interpret this as 3000 BCE (based on astronomical data in the Ramayana).


The Ramayana is ascribed to a single author, Valmiki. Its exact date of creation is unknown, and is estimated to lie between the 4th and 2nd century B.C.E. "The Cultural Heritage of India", Vol. IV, "The Religions", The Ramakrishna Mission, Institute of Culture, says: "The first and the last Books of the Ramayana are later additions. The bulk, consisting of Books II--VI, represents Rama as an ideal hero. In Books I and VII, however Rama is made an avatara or incarnation of Vishnu, and the epic poem is transformed into a Vaishnava text. The reference to the Greeks, Parthians, and Sakas show that these Books cannot be earlier than the second century B.C.E..."

However, as per the traditional astronomical back-projection by Vedic system, the event of the war between Rama and Ravana happened 880147 years ago, as on April 09, 2005. This is an important observation made in invariably all astronomical almanacs published in India. These almanacs, called Pancanga are intended to be used as calendars, ready-reckoner for muhurta, and astrological predictions, and thus subtlely organize and control the life and events in Indian society - especially the Hindu community. Modern scholars even in India are usually sceptic about this claim. Yet several modern researchers as well as traditional practitioners of Hindu system of time-charts and cosmology subscribe to this. This view is never accepted by mainstream modern historians in India.

Lord Ram, Laxman, Sita and Hanuman (crouching)

Lord Ram, Laxman, Sita and Hanuman (crouching)


According to Hindu tradition, Rama is an avatara, an incarnation of Vishnu or God. The main purpose of his incarnation is to demonstrate the ideal human life on earth. Ultimately, Rama slays the rakshasa king Ravana and reestablishes the rule of religious and moral law on earth known in Hinduism as dharma. It has been said that Brahma promised Valmiki, so long as the mountains and seas endure, so long shall the Ramayana be read by men.

Gaudiya Vaishnava acharya Rupa Gosvami writes in his Laghu Bhagavatamrta that Ramayana (Rama-lila) manifests in 24th catur-yuga while Krishna and Chaitanya-lila in 28th. Thus the time difference would be around 19 million years.

"Splendid as a new blade of durva grass, and accompanied by Sumitra's two sons and by Bharata, He appeared in the Treta-yuga of the 24th catur-yuga as the son of Kausalya and Dasaratha." (Laghu Bhagavatamrta 1.3.78).

How do things work?
 RSS Feeds  |  Articles  |  Jobs  |  Leads
SiteMap  | Trading Partners | Post Classifieds  | FAQ | Forum  | View All Classifieds  | Success Stories
Resources | Health Insurance
Copyright © 2005. “ ”. All rights reserved.